Nadler reportedly said that the “system security failure” was the work of “three hostile foreign actors,” though, according to Reuters, security officials for the DOJ didn’t specify which countries could be involved.
In early 2021, the federal judiciary system announced that it would be going low-tech for its most sensitive documents, saying that they'd have to be delivered by hand instead of going through the publicly available Case Management and Electronic Case Files system. At the time, it cited the SolarWinds attack, which gave hackers access to the systems of dozens of businesses and government agencies, as the reason for the policy change. Although the SolarWinds attack is also thought to have begun in early 2020, the breach disclosed by Nadler is reportedly a separate incident.
At the moment, details about what the attackers had access to or how they managed to get into the judiciary’s systems aren’t publicly available. It’s also unclear when the attack was discovered by DOJ officials. The National Security Division of the Justice Department didn't immediately respond to The Verge’s request for comment about the hack and subsequent investigation.